Caroline Cox


There is a more detailed version of this on the NeoCon site, which I also write for


In 1985 former Defence Minister (and IEDSS Member) Lord Chalfont and Jillian Becker and her partner Bernhard Adamczewski founded the Institute for the Study of Terrorism (IST). The Presiding Council included Caroline Cox, Baroness of Queensbury, who was then Deputy Speaker of the House of Lords, and Lord Orr-Ewing. The IST’s International Advisory Council included experts in many Western countries on Terrorism, Security, Weaponry, and Geo-Politics. Cox is one of 18 co-founders of the One Jerusalem organisation and the similarly orientated Jerusalem Summit on January 24, 2005, which has connections to the US Intelligence Summit, the subject of a separate profile.

Cox is non-executive director of the Andrei Sakharov Foundation (ASF). The Foundation’s Board of Advisors include:

George Soros: chairman of Soros Foundations and Robert Bernstein: the president of Human Rights Watch (HRW) which is funded by Soros; Yuri Orlov, who in 1975, was one of the founders of Moscow Helsinki Watch, the forerunner of HRW, also funded by Soros. These forms of human rights activism against the Soviet Union extended into US-backed anti-Soviet propaganda as the groups became the focus of a KGB monitoring and harassment effort. According to an archive (again funded by Soros and many other US organisations):

… initially the KGB was cautious about suppressing the growing human rights movement out of concern for détente and the position of the Eurocommunist parties. The years 1975-1976 show unusually low figures of arrests and harassment of human rights activists. By 1977, however, as the regime started perceiving real danger from the human rights movement and diminishing payoffs from the disintegrating détente, the decision was made to crack down on the Helsinki groups and across the spectrum of dissent. The number of arrests and the harshness of sentences increased significantly in 1979 and grew steadily to reach their peak in 1983.

Leo Nevas: president of International League for Human Rights, this has ties to the Transatlantic Institute (founded by the American Jewish Committee) which is run by Emanuele Ottolenghi, reputedly a friend of Michael Ledeen, who writes for most of the neoconservative publications such as Commentary, and the UK’s Standpoint Magazine (part of the Social Affairs Unit) arguing, like Cox, that “Anti-Zionism is anti-semitism,” and ad hominem attacks on non-Zionist writers on Israel, very probably at the behest of the Israeli state.

Lane Kirkland: Past president of AFL-CIO

Richard Pipes: Harvard University

Cyrus R. Vance: US Secretary of State, 1977-1979

Others include Sydney Drell, Herman Feshbach, Joel L. Lebowitz, Alan McGowan, Arno Penzias

Cox is also a member of the American section of Global Panel Worldwide Board, this includes Sir Malcom Rifkind, Dov S. Zakheim (Vice Chair) V.P., Booz Allen Hamilton and Under Secretary of Defense (2001-2004); Yossef Bodansky of The Intelligence Summit, Lord Holme of Cheltenham, John O’Sullivan, Lord Pearson, Thomas R. Pickering Vice Chairman, Hills & Company; former Under Secretary of State and Ambassador, former Senior Vice President, Boeing; Lord Robertson; James Woolsey and others.

The Pharisee Cox

According to a (1998) profile in Today’s Christian, as the result of gaining a teaching position at a university teaching sociology; she wrote the book, The Rape of Reason, attacking the “physiognomy of hatred” propagated at her school because of the writings of Karl Marx, which as a ‘committed Christian’ did not conform to her idea of a Christian view of Sociology. An online biography from a Christian perspective by Andrew Boyd notes:

It was a time of student unrest and the students organised demonstrations to disrupt lectures or meetings which they considered anti-Marxist. Caroline bore the brunt of this and in 1974 the students passed a vote of no confidence in her.

Cox resigned in 1978. A columnist for the Times covered her book in three consecutive issues with a view to influencing both politicians and academics (that academia should ignore Marx and other undesirable thinkers is a theme of the IEDSS). The Christian profile adds:

While Michael Horowitz was awakening the American evangelical community to the plight of persecuted believers around the world, Caroline Cox was working among them, delivering medicines to the dying and maimed and buying back children who had been commandeered as slaves. She was helping those who, in her words, “are bereft of aid and advocacy; who are among the most isolated, outcast, and deprived in the world.” The ones who told her, “We thought the world had forgotten us.”

In 1990, at the same time she joined the IEDSS, Cox became a board member of the UK part of US-based Christian Solidarity International whose President is Jonathan Aitken and its board includes “controversial immigration monitoring group” MigrationWatch’s Sir Andrew Green and many other sinners such as Simon Hughes MP.

The profile also notes that: “Her role as the British president has enabled her to travel to and assess volatile situations throughout the world. Since 1992 she has made 15 trips to Sudan,” and that she is involved in a crusade to support the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) in its war against the the Islamic fundamentalist government in Khartoum—the SPLM are now portrayed as Catholics rather than Marxists. The report also notes that (disgraced Watergate ex-felon) “Charles Colson’s Prison Fellowship presented her the prestigious William Wilberforce Award for humanitarianism.”

According to Daniel Callaghan’s (2006) Conservative Party Education Policies, 1976-1997: The Influence of Politics and Personality, Cox and the co-author of her book, John Marks, worked through the Centre for Policy Studies‘ Education Study Group, to influence the Thacther Government. Cox had been a ‘Fabian socialist’ while Marks had been a ‘Gaitskellite member of the Labour Party’ and their joint experience as academic in the Polytechnic of North London led them to join the Conservative party’s education campaign “with a commitment and unperturbability that only converts tend to exhibit”.

Cox’s profile in Elizabeth Sleeman’s (2002) The International Who’s Who of Women, states that in 1984 Cox was a chair of the Academic Council for Peace and Freedom and at the same time with the Jagiellonian Trust — with Roger Scruton who was also a co-founder and trustee, founded in 1980, the Trust focussed on democracy promotion in Poland and Hungary and was, with the Medical Aid for Poland Fund (MAPF), one of the pretexts Cox used to visit Poland according to her statement in the House of Lords on 29 April 1998. Here she added:

With the Jagiellonian Trust, we tried to maintain spiritual, cultural and academic lifelines to parallel the medical lifeline of MAPF. Underground university meetings and the smuggling of samizdat material maintained contact with a people cut off from the rest of the world, excluded from contact with international media and deprived of access to literature, both classical and contemporary. Taking in the means for the publication of facts and ideas risked serious penalties-even blank paper could result in one’s imprisonment. I was told that it was dangerous because it enabled people to write down their ideas. That was the name of the game of totalitarianism.

According to Hansard of 1 February 1991, the ‘Jagiellonian Trust Seminars’ were funded (£16,000) by the Government via the Poland know-how fund via the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. Some of these events involved Dr. Kathleen V. Wilkes at St. Hilda’s College, Oxford University. Scruton is said to have used the Jagiellonian Trust to help support broad intellectual and cultural initiatives undertaken by the Polish anti-communist opposition.

A 1988 profile in the Times stated that Marks was probably the person “most disliked by the education establishment” and that:

All the most formidable and mysteriously named little groupings are to be found on the right [and] Lady Cox seems to be on the steering committee of almost every one of them … lady Cox is one of the “link people” among the new Party groups…

This also adds that Cox believed that when Margaret Thatcher saw The Rape of Reason, she recommended that Cox be made a working peer — Callaghan suggests that it was her work on the CPS’ (1982) The Right to Learn and (p. 10) notes the influence of the IEA and CPS on education citing their advocation of the enforcement of market forces within education in a series of pamphlets including Rhodes Boyson’s series of Black Papers and the IEA’s housing of the National Council for Educational Standards, the Social Affairs Unit and an Education Unit under Stuart Sexton and the No Turning Back Group. Callaghan (p. 11) identifies another category of influence other than the overlapping CPS and IEA ‘mutual suport’ networks:

The low-church fervour of the ‘economic evangelicals’ in attacking post-war economic settlement would be more than matched by the high church contumely of the ‘neo-conservatives’ or ‘cultural restorationists’ in attacking what was percieved as a parallel moral decline.

The typical example among this group is given as the Conservative Philosophy Group, formed in 1975 by John Casey and Roger Scruton (who wrote for the IEDSS) based around the Salsbury Review. Callaghan suggests a dichotomy between moralists and the free-marketeers, whose disproportional prominance had an ultimately damaging role in the educational reforms of the 1980s. He also suggests that these groups were peddlars of a crisis in education by creating a moral panic, citing Cox’s work as a key example of this. Cox (a director of the CPS from 1983-85) also wrote for the Social Affairs Unit with The Pied Pipers of Education along with Anthony Flew and John Marks and was part of the ‘Hilgate Group’ with Scruton, Marks and Jessica Douglas Home which published (1985) Education and Indoctrination warning (yet again) of the pernicious left-wing bias, which Callaghan states (quoting Scruton) was quietly encouraged by 10 Downing Street to concoct an outside pressure group to influence policy. In 2003, again with John Marks, she wrote The ‘West’, Islam and Islamism: Is ideological Islam compatible with liberal democracy?

The The Guardian, January 15 reported on events at a conference in Prague organised by the Conservative Council of Eastern Europe in 1990, when Cox joined the IEDSS, and the network outlined their concerns at just how effective Communists had been in destroying the very fabric of British society:

Baroness Cox explains how ‘the moral legitimacy of British society has been undermined by Marxists in key institutions, particularly educational establishments’. Universities, schools and training colleges have all suffered, she says. The social sciences and history have been ‘particulary infected’. The church, too, is suspect. ‘Many of our church leaders have been infected by liberation theology’. John Marks adds that the British know well ‘how much wrecking power Communist parties can have, even when small’. We can teach you, he told the Czechs. Scruton and Cargill for their part, talk of the dangers of ‘institutionalised leftism, particularly in the media and the universities’.

The report notes that the response to this totalitarian nightmare was surprisingly muted and that British ambassador was profusely apologetic that many of the available Czechs on the cocktail circuit have deserted him to go to a party at the American Embassy where Shirley Temple (Black) was entertaining 15 Congressmen.

At the Jerusalem Summit in 2004 Cox “stepped up to receive the Scoop Jackson Award for Vision and Values awarded annually by Summit organizers” according to Judy Lash Balint’s (2004) A Brit Who Gets It, in (Richard Perle was the recipient of the first Jerusalem Summit Scoop Jackson Award in 2003) this expresses her new concerns about politics and universities and she is again accompanied by Marks:

Baroness Cox explained that as in many European countries, the demographic reality means that many members of Parliament are now “deferential” to the growing numbers of Moslem constituents. British Foreign Minister Jack Straw has 8,000 Moslems in his district, noted Dr. Marks. Dr. Marks, with advanced degrees from both Cambridge and London Universities, says groups like the Islamic Foundation speak openly about creating an Islamic state in the United Kingdom. “We know they have links in British universities,” he claims.

Cox is a member of One Jerusalem (which has connections to the IEDSS’ New Atlantic Initiative) which protests against proposals of shared sovereignity over Jerusalem and according to their site promotes “Israel’s humanitarian treatment of Arabs caught in the crossfire.”

In 2005 Cox was appointed as Special Representative for the Foreign and Commonwealth Office Freedom of Religion Panel and this open intelligence connection comes along with more covert ones. Cox is also a Council member of the far-right Freedom Association and The Committee for a Free Britain (CFB) —a right-wing political pressure-group involving Downing Street Policy Unit member Christopher Monckton, and David Hart. According to Richard Norton-Taylor and David Pallister (1992) in the Guardian, February 20, the CFB placed “anonymously published savage advertisements against Labour” and the CFB has also stated that it paid the legal costs of groups taking on left-wing councils, and it invited Adolfo Calero, the Nicaraguan Contra leader, to visit Britain. The CFB also published British Briefing of which Colin Wallace (quoted in Seumas Milne’s (1984) The Enemy Within: The Secret War Against the Miners, p. 332) has commented that: ‘Many of the smears in British Briefing are exactly the same sort of thing I was being asked by MI5 to spread in the 1970s. Some of the politicians…are the very same people I was being asked to smear.’

The Institute for the Study of Terrorism, (65 Blandford Street, London W1H 3AJ) produced several pamphlets much in the mould of Crozier’s ISC and the IEDSS’ output, such as Keith Campbell’s (1987) ANC: A Soviet Task Force? (slavishly reviewed by Chilton Williamson, Jr’s (1987) ANC: a Soviet task force? National Review, March 13) . Jillian Becker (an attendee at the 1984 Jonathan Institute‘s conference in Washington) offered her profile of the typical terrorist in an interview with Liz Gill (1987) Women are rising to the top in chilling field of terrorism, The Times, January 26, which could apply to Cox:

… terrorists come from affluent, middle-class backgrounds, but may have experienced failure—dropping out of university, experiencing problems with relationships or having feelings of social inadequacy […] They are not that clever, generally. They are tremendously sentimental about, say, animals or the environment or the homeless. But it’s always at a distance; they’re not imaginative. They have tunnel vision. The shutters come down when it comes to other individuals. They see human beings as symbols, as living meat to be blown up or shot down for their own purposes.”

This also notes that Becker “came into the field almost by accident” and “was a novelist who turned to non-fiction when she needed to make some money after her divorce”, because she “realized more was happening in the world than inside my head.” According to Herman and O’Sullivan, the IST first promoted itself in a letter to the Times, in September 22, 1986, they note that Lord Chalfont was known as “the CIA’s man in the House of Lords” and thast he was the chair of Jonathan Institute’s conference in Washington, apart from Lord Ian Orr-Ewing the identity of a third trustee is not known along with the IST’s funders and that its focus was on South Africa viewed from the position of the Heritage Foundation.

*Back to the The Institute for European Defence and Strategic Studies


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